fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Ghana Commercial Bank <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 20:08:52 -0700
Subject: INSTRUCTION / WARNING FROM GHANA COMMERCIAL BANK.
*GHANA COMMERCIAL BANKGHANA COMMERCIAL REMITTANCE UNIT,GCB HEADQUARTERS
ACCRAGCB TOWER CIRCLE ACCRA GHANACONTRACT #: MAV/NNPC/FGN/MIN/013,Swift
Code: GHC/BG/HAC,PHONE : Phone : Call +233-267-752-525FOREIGN
REMITTANCEOur Ref: GHCB/IRD/GCBX/021/11INSTRUCTION / WARNING FROM GHANA
COMMERCIAL BANK.This is to bring to your notice from the Ghana Commercial
Bank Remittance Department that your outstanding contractual payment which
was suspended by the Nigerian government there by stopping the TELEX
TRANSFER DEPARTMENT to pause the transfer of your contract fund toyour
nominated bank account, and they have instructed we the Ghana commercial
bank to transfer it to you successfully without any more issue. As a result
of this development verification conducted by the Finance Ministry in
conjunction with the Debt Verification Panel on your contract case file has
been endorsed for payment awaiting your confirmations.In view of several
efforts already made by us to contact you for the following reasons based
on the new account submitted to this office on your behalf:(1) My Office
desks have just received a sworn affidavit from Mr.Jonas Leon of Germany to
re-route your payment into a new bank account number as stated VACAP
Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road, Richmond, VA 23220. Account
number 32501. of Mr.Jonas Leon.The sum of $25,000,000.00 ( Twenty Five
Million US Dollars) (2) Please, confirm to our office if you have
instructed Mr.Jonas Leon of GERMANY to appoint an attorney/agent on your
behalf thereby asking that he receive cash call remittance on your
behalf.(3) It have come to our notice that you are being contacted by
unauthorized individuals with respect to your contract payment but
unfortunately this office is not aware of your unofficial dealings and
warned that it is at your own risk.(4) Please, also confirm if you have
authorized Mr.Jonas Leon to change your banking particulars to the
following particulars stated below: VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin
Hood Road, Richmond, VA 23220. Account number 3250163 Also re-confirm your
Contract Number, Contract Amount, Private Telephone and Fax number, your
e-mail address, Office or home address so that we can cross-check it with
ourfile records.We have decided to contact you for re-verification because
we suspected that Mr.Jonas Leon is trying to divert your money through the
sworn affidavit into a new different bank account. You are advised to get
back to this honorable bank within 7days from today.Sincerely,MR KOFI