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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Throgan Martin <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 00:58:33 +0100
Subject: NEXT OF KIN


Compliment of the day

How are you today my friend? We can be good friends and business
partners as well. And for your proper update,we have traced a dormant
deposit bank account with your surname and the account has substantial
amount of money on it tagged "unclaimed fund.With my position as being
legally empowered to track and to reunite unclaimed funds with distant
relatives of people who died (Intestate)without leaving a "will,I will
like to make deal with you

So if you are ready to co operate with me, then you get back to me so
that i will send you the details, the amount involve and the

I am waiting your reply

Throgan Martin

Anti-fraud resources: