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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David Ben" <>
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 01:36:39 +0300
Subject: YourUrgent Attention is Needed:..146.



I am Mr. David Ben, the Chairman Debt Management Office (DMO), I have been directed by the Board of Directors to compensate all the Sixteen (16) people listed that were scammed or lost their money to some Corrupt Officials.

I write to inform you that you are number (2) two out of the (16) Sixteen people listed for compensation of $2,000,000.00 each and you will be paid through Standard Trust Bank London this second quarter of the year 2021.

The good news now is that your compensation payment of $2,000,000.00 is approved and ready for transfer, you will transfer your funds to your receiving bank account by yourself through Standard Trust Bank Online Transfer and it will reflect in your bank account in the next 24hours.
You are strongly advised to forward the required items stated below to this office.

(1) Your Full Name:
(2) Address:
(3) Your Direct Phone Number:
(4) Copy of your Passport Photograph:
(5) Occupation:

To enable me instruct the paying bank to open your online account and they will forward to you your Login Password and Pin Code to enable you access your account and transfer your compensation payment to your receiving bank account anywhere in the world the same day.

Await your urgent reply.
Yours Faithfully,

Mr. David Ben
Chairman, Debt Management Office (DMO)

Anti-fraud resources: