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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Helen Paddy <>
Date: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 16:17:15 +0100

my name is Helen Paddy, I suffer from ovarian cancer, illness and the
doctor says I have only
a few days to have the operation. I have $5.9USD (five million Nine
Hundred Thousand United States Dollars ) that I want to trust your
hands to help the orphanage at home. your country, as soon as I hear
from you, I will instruct the management of the Bank Director to make
the immediate transfer to your Bank, in consultation.
God bless you,
Mrs. Helen Paddy

Anti-fraud resources: