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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Justine Lompo <>
Date: Tue, 12 Oct 2021 12:28:39 +0100
Subject: Dear Beneficiary,

Dear Beneficiary,

I hereby acknowledge the receipt from Minister of Finance for a probate
approval for the delivery of your ATM card package worth sum of US$2.5
Million US Dollars. As you are probably aware there are procedures
necessary for obtaining probate approval for transfer of the estate be it
funds as a scam victim.

Mr. Mike Adams Courier Officer who is in charge of your delivery of your
ATM card deposited in his care by the Minister of Finance and sign by Royal
Heritage Chambers Benin Republic.Please note that all necessary
arrangements for the smooth delivery of your ATM has been finalized. We
will discuss more in detail when we receive your response. Please in your
response include your telephone number for easy communication between us.

Contact Courier Officer
Dir incharge Mr. Mike Adams
Phone +22998198279

Justine Lompo

Anti-fraud resources: