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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Donald <>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 15:15:50 +0100
Subject: REPLY


I am Richard Donald, a Financial Consultant, Adviser and Representative to
business moguls and politicians. I am seeking your consent to stand as my
late client's Foreign Partner that has the full capacity to receive the sum
of USD13, 645,310:00M.

If you are willing to stand as investment partner to the fund, it will be
shared 60%/40%, as this is a TWO-MAN business deal transaction. should you
consider this proposition willing to do. Send your response to :[ ]

Yours truly,
Mr. Richard Donald
Send your response to :[ ]

Anti-fraud resources: