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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Hakeem Bello <>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 11:51:25 +0100
Subject: Please Read Very Carefully

Hello Sir,

Good day to you. My name is Capt. Hakeem Bello, I am one of Late
Muammar Gaddafi`s loyalist that flee away due to the Crises in Libya,
I have in my possessions Gold and Cash in Euros and Dollars drawn from
Central Bank of Libya, Sirte Branch. But I am managed t move the
Treasures into Benin Republique. Below is the BBC News Publication.

The Niger Government were preventing me from making further move to
any other country but my main objective is to secure these treasures
in my possession first for the betterment of members of my family, I
have thousands of kilos of 24 karat, pure Gold in bars and Dust and
Suit cases of funds in Euros and Dollars. The cash are in crates of

I need your urgent help and cooperation in order to secure this
treasures. I can not bank them myself in any country for security
reasons as to avoid seizure or confiscation as I was just a civil

I do not need any kind of person in this transaction, all I require
is your honest cooperation to enable us achieve this common goal as I
am tightly avoiding spies. There is no risk attached or involve in
this transaction at all.

How I wish you could assist in receiving this treasures and also help
me in investing in your country as my major wish is to trade in oil
and gas or have an estate in your country. I need to hear from you as
soon as possible.

kindly get back to me with your interest for further details.

Thanks and Best Regards,

Capt. Hakeem Bello

Anti-fraud resources: