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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: kaity haarl <>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 11:54:15 +0200

Dear Respectfully,

In my long years of work with top financial management companies in
the United Kingdom, l has earned the confidence of most of our high
net-worth clients. I presently have two clients (Non-Europeans) who
have funds to give out for investment either on an equity or loan

The areas to be considered for the investment are as follows Real
Estate, Oil & Gas, Agriculture, Health, Aviation, Tourism, Retail,
Construction, IT & Communications, Technology, Education, Energy,
Engineering, Utilities, Telecom's, Mining, Maritime, sustainable
energy and host of other profitable ventures Intending beneficiaries
must have a business plan and show their capability to manage huge

The beneficiary must be able to deliver good and sustainable returns
on investment to the investor annually. If you are that person or
establishment seeking to expand your existing business or you have new
ideas waiting for implementation, the opportunity is here.

Kaity Harl

Anti-fraud resources: