fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "MR.Doug Fenton " <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 01:14:32 -0700
Subject: Greetings to you & your Family.
Greetings to you & your Family.
Through our investigation we found out that you been dealing with
scammer's for some years now and you got nothing from them That's why
the American embassy have Signed to help you out with sum of $10 million
USA dollars as a victim of scammers. So if you are able to receive the
package Immediately just provide me your full information to reconfirm
your address to avoid
wrong delivery. Then i will be on the way right now for the delivery to
Also provide me with the following details to enable me re-confirm your
winnings as soon as possible
Also below is the information where you can forward your details.
waiting to hear from you