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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Fidelis David <>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 09:12:41 +0100
Subject: HOW ARE YOU?


I am Mr Fidelis David, the branch account financial Officer of UBS
Investment Bank, 1 Golden Lane, London, EC 1Y 0RR, United Kingdom.
With due respect, we have a dormant account in our bank with a
closing balance of GBP48.7 Million which was last funded and
operated on for over 5 years now.

The deceased account holder stated no beneficiary in his account
opening forms and therefore no one will ever come for the funds
contained in the account.

Consequently, I want you to come forward to stand in as the
beneficiary of the deceased account holder and as an insider in
the bank, I will use my position ensure that the funds is
legitimately and officially processed and released to you.


Anti-fraud resources: