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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Gareth Reese" <>
Date: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 08:59:06 +0100
Subject: FUND

*You have a Pending Transfer Value of USD10.5M in your name, and are
awaiting for a clearance Certificate from (FinCEN) before we can authorize
the transfer into your account.*
* The FBI need's copy of your Fund Identification Record Certificate of
the transfer. You should get back to us if you don't have this
certificate for us to direct you where you can get one for further release
of your fund into your account.*

*Mr. Gareth ReeseFOR: Christopher A. WrayFBI Director *

Anti-fraud resources: