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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Paul Moses" <>
Date: Sat, 9 Oct 2021 09:32:11 +0100
Subject: Attention Dear Beneficiary,1

Attention My Dear,

Your first payment of $5000 usd Is about to send today through Money
Gram Money transfer You are advise to Contact Mr. Wilson Peter with
your full information.such as

Your name......
Your country.....
Your phone number..
Your adders......

To Enable him to send your First Payment of $5000 usd today.For more
information contact Mr. Wilson Peter. Telephone number: +229 53327222
or +229 52819923
Email ( he will keep sending your payment until
your total fund is Completed ($3.700,000,00U SD)

Best Regards
Mr.Paul Moses

Anti-fraud resources: