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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Charlotte Elliot <>
Date: Fri, 8 Oct 2021 12:38:07 -0400
Subject: Hello, Email ID Owner,

Attn: Email ID Owner

My name is Ms. Charlotte Elliot, and I work with BNY Mellon.
I am writing to know if you are still using this email address.
I will enclose the proposal for your reference as soon as I receive
your response.

Note: This is very important and I need your urgent response.

Ms. Charlotte Elliot
Head of Private Banking
BNY Mellon Bank New York

Anti-fraud resources: