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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Robert Koffi" <>
Date: Fri, 8 Oct 2021 03:50:11 -0700
Subject: Attention Dear Friend,

Attention Dear Friend,

Compliment of the day to you, I sent you a mail a couple of day ago
about a transaction and haven't heard from you since then.The
message was to solicit your partnership to transfer the sum of
($11.5million US dollars) deposited by my late client how have the
same last name with you from the same country.I shall send you more
information and procedures when I receive a positive response from you.

on my private email add(

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours sincerely,
Mr.Robert Koffi.(Esq)

Anti-fraud resources: