fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. DONALD JOHNSON" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 8 Oct 2021 00:20:01 -0700
Subject: Attn:Dear Esteemed Beneficiary
Bank of America Corporate Office Headquarters
100 Tryon St Charlotte, NC 28255 United States of America
Attn: Dear Esteemed Beneficiary
We the Bank of America are using this message content to appeal for
the inconveniences that is surrounding your compensated funds
Remittance of $10.500.000.00 in our custody, we held meeting yesterday
concerning the problem affecting your funds in our care and after all
deliberation, we the Panels came together in agreement to settle your
unpaid sum through our card system. The debit card can be used on any
ATM machine all over the world or you can go to your bank to off-load
To this effect, you are to contact us with the details below for the
immediate verification/authentication of the release of your funds
Valid Phone number............
Any Of Your Identity Card........
This payment has been stalled for years and if you are still
interested to claim your fund, please contact me back for immediate
payment of this overdue contract sum to you. Do not fail to contact me
if you have any questions
Thanks for banking with Bank of America while we looking forward to
serving you with the best of our service.
Bank of AmericaÂ®