fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "high court" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "federal high court" (This court is often mentioned in '419' scams to give the victim a reason why he/she should send thousands of dollars to the scammers. A 'Federal High Court' exists in Germany and Nigeria, but not in other countries, such as the UK, Spain, Netherlands, Senegal, Benin, South Africa or other countries where fake lawyers in scams often claim to be based. )
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Clyde Thodey <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 3 Oct 2021 13:29:55 -0700
Subject: call or text +1 513 438 2513 or email firstname.lastname@example.org or WHATSAPP +2347012384957
call or text +1 513 438 2513 or email email@example.com
We have finally succeeded in getting your funds worth of
$4.8Million Us Dollars, out of delivery your ATM VISA CARD Deposited
in UBA BANK PLC with the help of Barrister George Clement Attorney
General of Federal High Court of Justice BENIN REPUBLIC which act as
your foreign Attorney representative here in BENIN REPUBLIC.
So every necessary arrangement has been made successfully with the
dirctor Mr. frank william of the ATM VISA CARD and every Documents guiding
your delivery is well updated so you are advice to re-confirm your
full delivery information to the director right now as he is currently at
unitedbankof africa benin republic branch ( cotonou) with your ATM
VISA CARD, As
he called me this morning to inform me that he has no time to waste
there, is waithing to hear from you about your reciving details
So the Information you are required to reconfirm to the Agent is as Follow.
(1)Your Full Name=========================
(2)Mobile Phone Number====================
(3)Current Home Address===================
(6)Nearest Airport ======================
(8)YOUR ID CARD OR PASSPORT:===============
as he is in benin (benin) right now
because of the to hear from you on how you want the funds to reach
you of the ATM VISA CARD.
him to misplace your address
Director General of uba bank of africa mr frank william
Contact Mobile: +234-7012384957 WHATSAPP
Contact Email:( firstname.lastname@example.org
So contact him to deliver your ATM VISA CARD first thing tomorrow
morning possibly today, So get back to us immediately you contact the
director to make sure that your funds has getting to you without any
mr frank william
call or text +1 513 438 2513 or email email@example.com or WHATSAPP