fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: David Asare <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 3 Oct 2021 10:24:15 +0100
Subject: GOOD DAY GOOD FRIEND.
GOOD DAY GOOD FRIEND.
I am Mr David Asare, a reputable banker here in Accra Ghana and I contact
you to see how best we can assist each other.One of my late client Mr.
Victor who happen to
bear the same name with you left $6.5 million in our bank before his dead
in China and he has no next of kin
to the inheritance fund in our bank,That is why i contacted you so if you
are ready to co-operate with me secure the fund as the next of kin, then
you get back to me through my
I am wait for your positive response.