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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Marc Joseph <>
Date: Wed, 29 Sep 2021 03:27:38 -0700
Subject: My Dear Friend,

My Dear Friend,

My name is Marc Joseph; I got your address in Burkina Faso chamber of
commerce through details. I need your urgent assistance in
Transferring the sum of (22.5000,000)Million Dollars fund which
Belongs to our deceased ustomer who died in A plane crash, since the
Death of this our customer the money has been in our bank without
Claim. I want to release the money to you as the deceased NEXT OF KIN
For the benefit of both of us. By indicating your interest I will send
you the full details on how the business will be executed. I need to
Hear from you urgent so that I will give you more information
regarding this transaction.

Waiting for your urgent response so that we will starts immediately.

Marc Joseph,

Anti-fraud resources: