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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DEPT HOMELAND SECURITY" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 28 Sep 2021 16:14:29 -0700
Subject: YOUR FUNDS..

This is the Department of Homeland security we have vital mission, to secure the nation from the many threats we face as well as internet Fraud. This requires the dedication of more than 230,000 employees in jobs that range from aviation and border security to emergency response, from cyber security analyst to chemical facility inspector. Our duties are wide-ranging, but our goal is clear - keeping America safe.

We are happy to inform you that your f u n d s valued at US$10,700,000.00(Ten million Seven Hundred Thousand United StatesDollars) has been approved by the Treasury Department of the United States. Kindly get back to us for further directives and Reconfirm to us this information below,FULL NAME,ADDRESS,CELL PHONE #,OCCUPATION

Note:Do not reply to any e-mail that comes from the FBI Director James Comey Jr, Andrew G. McCabe, also Christopher A. Wray, doesn’t e-mail people,they will come straight to your door step to pass any vital information they have for you.Do not fall a victim of scam again,a word is enough for the wise. Thank you and have a good day.

Alejandro Mayorkas
Director,United States Secret Service
U.S. Department of Homeland
Security Washington, DC 20528,USA

Anti-fraud resources: