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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms. Jessica Garry-Mcminnon" <>
Date: Wed, 29 Sep 2021 04:22:18 +0800
Subject: Treat Urgent.

Greetings to you,

I am Ms. Jessica Garry-Mcminnon, a widow battling with breast cancer
and have few months to live (less than 18 months) according to the
doctors. I have some inherited fortunes and need your partnership to
establish a cancer research and treatment centre in Africa and other
developing countries as soon as possible. Some of the funds can also
be invested in a profitable business as a trustee. Please get back to
me if you can be of any assistance or are willing to partner with my

Best regards,

Anti-fraud resources: