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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Duru Anthony <>
Date: Tue, 28 Sep 2021 20:07:58 +0100
Subject: Attention: Dear Beneficiary

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is compensating all the scam victims

and your email address was found in the scam victim's list.
This Western Union office has been fully mandated by the IMF to transfer your

compensation to you via Western Union® Money Transfer.

However, we have concluded to affect your own payment through Western

Union® Money Transfer, $3,500 USD Per daily until the total sum of
$3.5Million Dollars is completely transferred to you. We can not be
able to send

the payment with your email address alone, thereby we
need your information as to where we will be sending the funds, such as;

Your Full name............
Your Home Address.........
Your Country..............
Your Phone number.........

Contact our Customer Care at (

with your full information. Note that your payment files will be
returned to the

within 72 hours if we did not hear from you, this was the instruction
given to us

by the IMF. We will start the transfer as soon as we received your information.

Best Regards,
Mr.Duru Anthony, Director Western Union Money Transfer,
Head Office Benin Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: