fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "contract award committee" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: KENNETH ADAMS <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 28 Sep 2021 15:19:18 +0100
Subject: Accountant at NNPC
office as a chief accountant with the Nigerian National Petroleum
Corporation (NNPC). Upon my resumption and vetting of contract files, I
discovered an outstanding sum of $35 million which was as a result of
OVER-INVOICING done by the past contract award Committee of NNPC. This fund
is floating in the consolidated bank account of the NNPC awaiting for claim
hence the original contractors have been paid their claims and abandoned
the over invoiced amount for good reasons of been probed by this new
regime.My reasons of contacting you through this means is to request for
your help/partnership to provide me with a reliable bank account where we
can process this fund and transfer it for our mutual benefits. If you are
interested to partnership with me, I would want you to contact me
immediately for the full details and procedures of the transaction.EMAIL:
you.Kenneth AdamsAccountant at (SPDC)*