fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Peter Aja <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 23 Sep 2021 17:56:01 -0700
Subject: DEAR BENEFICIARY
THIS IS TO INFORM YOU THAT WESTERN UNION MONEY TRANSFER MANAGEMENT
HEREBY INFORM YOU THAT YOUR NAME EMERGED ON OUR SYSTEM AS ONE OF THE
ONLINE WINNING IN
THE 4TH CATEGORY AND THEREFORE ATTRACTED A CASH AWARD OF $700,000.00
(SEVEN HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS) WE ARE HERE TO INFORM YOU THAT YOUR
NAME APPEARS IN OUR SYSTEM AS OUR ESTEEM PATRONIZE CUSTOMER.
THEREFORE THE MANAGEMENT HEREBY COMPENSATE YOU WITH THE ABOVE MENTION
SUM INORDER TO PROMOTE WESTERN UNION MONEY TRANSFER SYSTEM.
YOU ARE ADVISE TO CONTACT THE WESTERN UNION MANAGER WHO IS IN-CHARGE
OF YOUR PAYMENT TO RELEASE YOUR PAYMENT TO YOU. THE NUMBER TO CALL /
EMAIL TO RE-
CONFIRM YOUR INFORMATION TO THE WESTERN UNION MONEY TRANSFER
MANAGEMENT IS LISTED BELOW:
OFFICE OF RELEASE ORDER:
CONTACT PERSON: MR.GEORGE BAL
EMAIL ADDRESS: firstname.lastname@example.org
MR PETER AJA,