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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Special Adviser <>
Date: Thu, 16 Sep 2021 14:27:17 +0100
Subject: Re: We need your happiness

Without missing words, I am convinced 100% that you have had bitter
experience with various scammers' claiming to be high government
officials and thereby defrauding you of your 'hard-earned money'. The
activities of these scammers has changed your perspective about
conducting business on the internet, and you now believed there is no
genuine business that can be conducted on the internet. Well, I am an
American and the internet was created by Americans for the purpose of
creating awareness for your products/services and conducting genuine
business with ease. I am fully committed to make sure you receive your
fund view the Attachment for more information's.

Marquis Craig
Senior Special Adviser to Mr. President on Contract

Anti-fraud resources: