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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Antonio Fotis" <>
Date: 16 Sep 2021 12:15:13 +0000

Kind Attention.

We are contacting you today to introduce ourselves as direct private
lenders for business loans.

Funds are available for land development, business expansion capital,
working capital, real property, construction projects, factoring, bank
instruments, energy, manufacturing, telecommunications and real estate
acquisitions such as hotel and commercial. We also take a look at the
need for financing in a wide variety of other industries as well, such
as oil and gas, new technologies, and forestry and mining to name a

Our pool of funds is provided by high net worth individuals, trust
funds, family office funds as well as corporate and institutional
funds. We act as the direct custodian of these funds provided by our
clients who request that we operate with the utmost of privacy and
discretion. As a result we normally fund individual projects starting
from US$1 million well into the $500 million dollar range.

Please contact us if you are interested and we will send you the
requirements for our review and approval process. If approved, funds
can be made available to you in as little as 10 banking days.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact the undersigned.

Looking forward to your response.


Antonio Fotis

Oceania Business Plaza
Punta Colon Street, 43rd Floor Tower 2000 Panama City, Panama

Anti-fraud resources: