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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Kooga <>
Date: Thu, 16 Sep 2021 07:54:41 +0100
Subject: Greetings To You.


It is with trust and sincerity that I approach you for assistance to
transfer some funds into your bank account. Please accept my apology if my
mail infringes on your personal ethics. I am Dr. Barrister David Kooga, A
Private Lawyer based here in Madrid, Spain. Honestly it will be my humble
pleasure if we can work together. I would like you to act as the next of
kin to my deceased client, a citizen of your country, who made a deposit of
$7.5 Million USD only with a Bank here in Madrid, Spain a few years back.
He died in a crash with his immediate family which includes his daughter
the documented next of kin and as such the funds now have an open
beneficiary mandate in the Bank,

This means that any person from your country with the same surname who have
access to the documents can act as the next of kin of the deceased and
claim the inheritance funds without any risk involved. More so, I have
received an official letter from the Bank suggesting a likely proceeding
for confiscation of the Fund in line with existing laws by the Bank in
which my client deposited the sum of $7.5 Million Dollars . According to
the Government Law as provided in section 129 sub 63(N), Geneva Banking
Edit of 1961 at the expiration of 12 years the fund will revert to the
ownership of the Madrid, Spain Government, if nobody applies to claim the

My proposition to you is to present you to the Bank as the Next of kin and
Beneficiary of my deceased client so that the Bank will pay this $7.5
Million USD to you so that we can share the amount on a mutually agreed
percentage of 50% for me 50% for you. All legal Documents to back up this
claim as the deceased Next of Kin will be provided by me. All I require is
your honest cooperation to enable us to see this transaction through. I
guarantee you that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement
that will protect you from any breach of the law. If you are interested,
Please do let me know immediately so that I can give you comprehensive
details on how to Private Email:


Barr David Kooga
Address: Castellon de la Plana 201, 28006, Madrid – Spain
Tel: +34 692 233 278

Anti-fraud resources: