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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " El-Gordo International" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 16:45:32 -0700

We are pleased to inform you of the release of the SPANISH LOTERIA EL-GORDO INTERNATIONAL PROMOTION PROGRAM, held on the 30th of July 2021. Due to the mix up of numbers and names, the results were later released on the August 24TH 2021

Your Email was entered as an alternative number attached to REF Nº: DC/0889K with Batch Nº: EMB/2017-02SP drew the lucky numbers 4, 13, 21, 27, 36, 38, 45, which consequently won the lottery in the 3rd category.

Anti-fraud resources: