fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT STERLING BANK DR. MOSES UKOH" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 21:02:21 -0700
Subject: VERY IMPORTANT MEMO
CIRCULAR CIRCULAR CIRCULAR
THIS IS NOTIFY YOU THAT THE MEETING BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND OTHER
HEADS OF GOVERNMENT, FINANCIAL DIRECTORS TO RELEASE CONTRACT AND
INHERITANCE PAYMENT TO VARIOUS BENEFIFICIARIES WERE SUCCESSFUL.
IT WAS AGREED THAT IF YOU ARE AMOUNG THE CONTRACTORS AND BENEFICIARIES
THAT HAVE NOT RECEIVED THEIR PAYMENTS, KINDLY REPLY BY FORWARDING THE
2021 SUPREME COURT AFFIDAVIT TO PROVE THE FUND BELONGS TO YOU.
BUT IF YOU HAVE RECEIVE YOUR PAYMENT KINDLY IGNORE THIS MEMO. YOUR
DETAILS IS REQUIRED AS DIRECTED BELOW
AGE AND OCCUPATION
THANK YOU FOR YOUR UNDERSTANDING
DR. MOSES UKOH