fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "MS. DESTINY ASAH" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 16:39:11 -0700
Subject: Dear Customer
We write to inform you that your delivery address has been noted for
the delivery of your ATM CARD Valued Seven Million, Six Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars ($7.6 million USD) been deposited for
the purpose of delivery by the Bank Of Africa (BOA).
The delivery will commence tomorrow as we have received our delivery
fees but it important that a keeping fee must be secured before the
delivery can take place. This requirement was put to order by the This
office , We are sure for a successful delivery .
This keeping fee cost only $100.00usd a day, and be assured that once
we confirmed this pay send iTunes CARD, US$100 only.
Forward the cards details to us once you send the card, we will get
back to you once your package is dispatched. I will forward your
package tracking reference number to you in my next message. Please
try to provide your direct phone number for easier and quicker
MS. DESTINY ASAH
Customer Care Unit.