fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Office File <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 14:12:04 -0700
Subject: claimed your fund sum of (USD$10.5M)
FEDERAL MINISTRY Of FINANCE
Plots 745 & 746, Ahmadu Bello Way, Central Area,iyu
P.M.B 14 Garki, Abuja Nigeria
A power of attorney was forwarded to my office this day by two gentle
men,one of them is a USA national and he is ENGR . Adam Lewis by
Name while the other person CANDY CHASKE by name a CANADIAN
This gentle men claimed to be your representative, and this power of
attorney stated that you have died, they
Brought an account to replace your information and claimed your fund sum of
(USD$10.5M) which is right now lying DORMANT and UNCLAIMED,
below is the new account they have submitted:
Bank Name: Chase Bank
Address: 101 Mclellan Drive
South San Francisco, CA 94080
Beneficiary: CANDY CHASKE
swift code is CHASUS33
Be further informed that this power of attorney also states that you
died of covid-19 pandemic but before you died you was able to
disclosed your transaction to CANDY CHASKE and ENGR.Adam Lewis and
instructed them to move ahead to claim this $10.5million for them
Although this ministry office is not certify with their claim and
that is the reason of sending this message to you as to confirm the
real truth if you are dead or not, Therefore you are given 24hrs to
confirm the truth in this information if you are still alive by
replying to this MINISTRY with your personal contact information
otherwise we will have no other option than to move this fund into our
Treasury House until proper investigations is done to confirm the
YOUR TELEPHONE NUMBER.
VALID Identification card
Be informed that any further delay from your side could be dangerous,
as we would not be held responsible of wrong payment.
Mrs. Zainab Shamsuna Ahmed
(D.G FEDERAL MINISTRY OF FINANCE)