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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr David Malpass <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 16:54:39 +0100
Subject: Dear Email Owner/Beneficiar

Are you alive or dead? We received several emails from one Ms Holand
Rose who narrated to us about the auto car accident you had 2 weeks
ago. Ms Holand made us to understand with some proof that you’re in
hospital for treatment but there is no hope of your recovery. He
stated that he is your business associate and your next of kin whom
you have chosen and permitted to inherit all your properties. She is
contacting this me and the bank of Africa base on your fund which I
was about to transfer to you. He requested that the whole amount
should now be transfer into his own personal account as he stated

Account Name Ms Holand Rose
Citibank Banamex USA
2029 Century Park East Los Angeles, CA 80068
Routing Number: 122214645
Account Number: 8744130240
We request your confirmation before we can process this transfer to Ms
Holand’s Bank Account. This is to avoid releasing your money to wrong
person because Ms Holand is too eager and ready to pay the fee
obtaining of the Ownership Certificate demanded by the IMF and follow
every other legal instruction to have this money into his account. If
you did not have auto accident and you did not permit Ms Holand to
claim your money, kindly reply this message with your full contact
information so we can process the release of the funds to you.

I’ll be waiting to hear from you soon.

Mr. David Malpass

Please contact us with this number +1(434) 281-2379

Anti-fraud resources: