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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Joshua Kobusza" <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 16:14:04 +0200
Subject: Awaiting for your feedback

Attention: The Director/CEO

Dear Sir/Madam

I work as the director of finance and chief procurement officer at the Department of Health. My motive of contacting you is to seek your partnership for investment in your country.

Tender board recently awarded contracts for the supply of laboratory and medical equipment's/computers and other scientific equipment's to schools in South Africa. This project was sponsored by the Department of Mineral Resources & Energy of South Africa for the year (2021/22) worth over USD$ 120 million under the basic education schools infrastructure support programme (SISP).However, the contract was over invoiced in the excess of USD$32,000.000.00.

The above contract was awarded to some Asian companies and the contractors has been paid and the outstanding surplus amount of USD$32,000.000.00 (Thirty Two Million United States Dollars Only) is still unclaimed at the Reserve Bank of South Africa.

This USD$32,000.000.00 is ready to be transferred abroad as part of the contract payment. I want to present you as a contractor/beneficiary to the above fund to enable me file claim for payment of the above sum to you. I will manipulate and authenticate the payment to you. I am assuring you that with my position and connections, this is 100% risk-free transaction.

If you are willing to work with me to move this USD$32,000.000.00 into any safe bank account abroad for investment get back to me. I would also like to discuss investment opportunities available in your country because I want to invest my own share in your country under your care based on your advice and directives. The nature of your business/job does not matter in this deal. All I need is your honest cooperation.

Note: This is highly confidential and should be treated as such. We can negotiate with the bank, the best possible modalities to move the funds bit by bit into any of your overseas account.

Sincerely yours
Dr. Joshua Kobusza

Anti-fraud resources: