fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: DHL COMPANY <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 07:15:02 -0700
Subject: Greeting To You
Greeting To You
This is to notify you that your fund $2.5 Million Dollars has been
programmed in an ATM visa card hereby The United Nation compensation
board for immediately delivery
to you upon reconfirming your Physical destination address as all
arrangements about your funds has been finalized after our final
meeting held yesterday been 14th of Sep to released your fund via
global ATM visa card. as the legitimate beneficiary,
Your ATM visa card worth USD $2.5 Million united state dollars was
with DHL delivery service here in Benin republic,we have waited enough
to hear from you so that your funds can be transferred through Bank
wire transfer here, but due to the late response we Decided to credit
the fund through an ATM Visa CARD so you are advised to re-confirm
your address below to enable us to enhance the delivery.
Your ATM Secret Pin code is (7755) take note, once you receive this
card go to any ATM Machine around your area slot the card and enter
the PIN number (7755) start withdraw,the Card has activated and be
inform that we have left the delivery company a few minute ago for
urgent delivery so kindly forward them the required information, and
feel free to get in touch with them,
Therefore bear it in mind you will be liable to pay for their shipping
fee charge of $105 Dollars.
Below is the contact information of the delivery company :
Cell Phone +229 67405441