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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Ben Harris" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 14:32:28 +0100

U.S. Department of Treasury
Treasury Building 1500 Pennsylvania
Avenue, NW Washington, D.C., U.S
contact the U.S. Department of Treasury.
Direct Email:

Dear Beneficiary,

This is to bring to your notice that the US Department of the Treasury
in affiliation with the Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") has
been authorized to compensate 1,000 scam victims who have to be a
victim of internet scam.

The U.S Department of the Treasury has decided to pay you $5Million
U.S Dollars each through ATM card in order to restore this global
economy due to this COVID 19 Pandemic Virus hardship to the enviable
standard of respectability.

Your particulars were mentioned by one of the syndicates who was
arrested here in the United State by the FBI and the United States
secret service as one of the victims of their operations. You are
hereby warned not to communicate or duplicate this message to him/her
or anyone for any reason as the United States secret service and FBI
is already on trace of the other criminals anywhere in the world,

This information should remain confidential till they are all
apprehended, other victims who have not been contacted can submit
their application as well for scrutiny and possible consideration.

Contact our payment officer with below information:

Name: Thomas P. Freddo
Telephone: +13312347273

He's the director of the Office of Financial Research (OFR). so you
are advised to provide your personal information for proper

(1)Full Names:
(2)Home Address:
(7)Phone Number.
(8) copy of id card or Driver License

You are therefore advised to contact him for your compensation and ask
him to release your ATM card worth $5Million US Dollars as your COVID
19 and Scam Victims Compensation fund to your residential address.

Contact this office immediately via email: as soon as you send your details
to speed your payment.

Best Regards,

Ben Harris
Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy United States Department Treasury.

Anti-fraud resources: