fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: qqqqqqqqqqqq pppppppp <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 13:51:49 +0200
My reason of contacting you is that I and my colleagues working in our
countryâs National Petroleum Corporation want to buy any existing
modern crude oil refinery in any part of the world through your help.
We are ready to buy any available land in your country if you would
help us to secure whichever one so as to enable us build the refinery
or buy any existing refinery anywhere outside Africa. We will make you
our foreign partner abroad with some percentage shareholding if you
will be interested to work with us on this project.
We have the sum of ($600 Million Dollars) Six Hundred Million Dollars
for this project through Foreign Contract Purchase Fund.
However, in case you are not capable to handle this project with us,
please kindly connect us to any capable person or company that would
handle the project in order to enable us proceed at once.
We hope to hear from you in no distance time through this e-mail
address at: email@example.com for immediate communication and more
information on how to go on.
Andrew Ede and Co,,