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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Robert Oswald." <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 04:39:23 -0700
Subject: Investment Project.


My name is Robert Oswald, an Investor is willing and ready to Invest funds
into your existing and future Projects. My Investors will be ready and
willing to provide funds to accomplish any serious good, genuine and Viable
Projects. Please contact me directly if you know of any serious Trustee
/Individual who can Invest this funds properly into existing projects.

Contact me via my direct email:


Best Regards.
Mr. Robert Oswald.

Anti-fraud resources: