fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Joe Ben <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 11:49:23 +0200
Subject: SEEKING YOUR CONSENT
FROM:Mr. Alex Anderson
RE: SEEKING YOUR CONSENT
I earnestly seek a company or an individual that is trustworthy that will
partner with me in an investment project. I represent a group of the
retired government official who seeks foreign investments in the following
sectors; AGRICULTURE, CONSTRUCTION, ENERGY, OIL, PHARMACEUTICAL, REAL
ESTATE, and TOURISM.
They have collectively reserved the sum of US$23.9M (Twenty-Three Million
Nine hundred thousand United States Dollars) that was accrued from
over-invoiced government contracts.
Upon accepting this proposal for partnership, we shall set up a meeting on
a mutual destination, where we shall discuss in details and relevant
agreements will be signed. What we seek most is a sincere and trustworthy
partner that has vast knowledge on any of the above sectors or a partner
that has good ideas of a lucrative business venture in his country of
residence. We are offering 5% ownership of all the joint venture
investments and 20% of the total funds for your assistance and partnership.
I await your response.
Mr. Alex Anderson