fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Foreign office." <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 10:29:47 +0100
Subject: INVESTMENT FUND BY PARTNERSHIP OR?
Abdul J.O.P. Dabir.
Director Debt Management Office.
Foreign Office Annex Coordinator.
I am Abdul J.O.P. Dabir, My office monitors and controls the external
debt of Nigeria with concern to foreign debt settlement plans base on
yearly budget. The budgeted fund for debt repayment was smartly &
deliberately fixed deposited in the bank during the Covid-19 lock down
which yielded interest to the amount of US$10.5M Only. This interest
is what I'm soliciting for your support to transfer to you ostensibly
as debt payment for either investment purposes or outright sharing in
the ratio of 30/70
I shall use my position and good office to make you stand as the owner
of the fund being the Director debt management office. This exercise
is risk free to the best of my knowledge. Please reply through this
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org if interested & for other business
opportunities ahead to discuss. Information required are full name,
address, phone# but most importantly your confidentiality and trust.
Abdul J.O.P. Dabir.