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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "A. J.O.P. Dabir." <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 10:06:32 +0100

Abdul J.O.P. Dabir.
Director Debt Management Office.
Foreign Office Annex Coordinator.

I am Abdul J.O.P. Dabir, My office monitors and controls the external
debt of Nigeria with concern to foreign debt settlement plans base on
yearly budget. The budgeted fund for debt repayment was smartly &
deliberately fixed deposited in the bank during the Covid-19 lock down
which yielded interest to the amount of US$10.5M Only. This interest
is what I'm soliciting for your support to transfer to you ostensibly
as debt payment for either investment purposes or outright sharing in
the ratio of 30/70

I shall use my position and good office to make you stand as the owner
of the fund being the Director debt management office. This exercise
is risk free to the best of my knowledge. Please reply through this
Email: if interested & for other business
opportunities ahead to discuss. Information required are full name,
address, phone# but most importantly your confidentiality and trust.

Yours faithfully,

Abdul J.O.P. Dabir.

Anti-fraud resources: