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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Rose Kouame <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 09:59:08 +0100
Subject: Waiting for your urgent reply.

Re: From Rose Kouame,
My name is Rose Kouame.
I am 22 year old girl, an orphan. My parents died, but I have about €
5,200,000.00 (five million two hundred thousand euros) in a bank here
that I inherited from my late beloved father, Michel Kouame.

I would like to invest the fund in your country with your consent,
cooperation, support, advice and assistance.
Second, if you agree to work with me on this matter, please indicate
your interest by responding to me so that I can provide you with the
information and details you need to proceed. I am ready to offer you a
total of 25% for the final transfer of the funds to your bank account.
Waiting for your urgent reply.

My best regards to you and your whole family.
I need your guidance
To thank,
Rose Kouame

Anti-fraud resources: