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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Charles Gary <>
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 10:53:45 -0700
Subject: Hello.


My name is Doctor Charles Gary of St Luke's Hospital here in Australia.

I'm contacting you in respect of my patients who died of Corona-virus here
in Sydney Australia on June 19, 2020.

3 days before he passed out, he asked me to contact you or any of his
relatives or distant cousins concerning the claim of his property and $3.4
million in the bank and after several attempts of sending you mail by post
and no response I decided to try email.

Kindly get back to me as soon as you get this mail.

Dr. Charles Gary.

Anti-fraud resources: