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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:48:18 -0700

Ian Hopkins(head and chief constable )
The international police(Interpol)
National Central bureau (NCB UK)
NCJ Number: 47731

Re. Your financial activities.

I am Ian Hopkins head. international police(Interpol UK}.
The International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as
Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates worldwide
police cooperation and crime control. We provides a range of policing
expertise and capabilities, supporting three main crime programmes:
Counter-terrorism, Cybercrime, and Organized and emerging crime.
Recently, we have been working closely with secret agencies around the
globe trying to stop internet fraud that is aimed at unsuspected
victims in the united states of America,Europe,Asia,Africa etc.
Our Investigations Revealed that you have been wired out money to
Nigeria,Benin republic, Ghana etc which amounted to over $3,000
>From our investigations we discovered that you have been dealing with
fraudster/impostors. An example of their fraudulent operations
Western union fraud
Check fraud
ATM card fraud
Central bank of Nigeria
Lottery promotion
Online dating scam
Online sales scam
Investment Scam
I therefore oblige that you respond to this e-mail if you are in this
situation presently or previously.
Your money Will be returned back to you if you are ready to co-operate
with us by given us more information on the activities.
more details would be given to you once your response is received.
Ian Hopkins.

Anti-fraud resources: