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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: western union <>
Date: Mon, 13 Sep 2021 09:58:12 -0700
Subject: Dear Friend

Dear Friend
We have concluded to effect your payment through western union $7000.00
daily until the $7,500,000.00 is completely transferred. Though, Jane
Mark sent $7000.00 in your name today so contact western union Agent:
Dr,Leonard George with your name and your
address also with your telephone number. and tell him to give you the
Reference number, sender name and question/answer to pick the $7000.00
Mrs. Silver Martins
On tele phone @ +2348083867785

Anti-fraud resources: