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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Jagodago W. Van" <>
Date: Thu, 9 Sep 2021 22:39:23 +0100
Subject: Attention my dear sir/madam,

Attention my dear sir/madam,
My greeting to you, we have received a mail from the Ministry of
Finance to release your long awaited payment, our bank management has
instructed me to contact you for immediate release of the fund and
your payment file code sum of Three Million and Five Hundred Thousand
US Dollars only. To notify you the process of (T.T) for the releasing
of your entitlement, through online banking transfer
payment. Furthermore, you have to open a non-resident current account
with our bank which the fund will be credited into so the transfer
will not be difficult through transferring your Fund in your
domiciliary bank account there in your Country. As we wait for
your response as a matter of urgency. Confirm to us immediately
you receive this message. Use our website; to open our online account check online banking. Be
informed that the payment will stop after the third week of September
2021, this is very important and your last opportunity although it
comes to those who are prepared for it. Get back to us as soon as you
read this mail.

Thanks your sincere
Mr. Jagodago W. Van
Manager and Payment Unit
ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID)

Anti-fraud resources: