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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: JMark Mason <>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 05:00:12 -0800
Subject: Urgent Attention

TX 78245 USA.

Dear beneficiary,


This is very urgent and urgent attention is needed.

In our office today, was the presence of one Mr. John T. Kehoe of 1200
Fitch Way, Sacramento, Ca. 95864 filing application contrary to your
pending fund transfer. The

above-mentioned people visited this Bank yesterday with a power of
attorney given in his favor by your good self, granting him the
benefit to process and claim your
US$5,000,000.00(Five Million United States Dollars Only) for personal reasons.

He further Stated that the online account be Terminated while the fund
should be wired to his Bank account with Bank Of America, Routing
Number 121000358. Our office

has asked Mr. John T. Kehoe to return back within 48 hours to enable
us to have a personal confirmation from you being hitherto the

1. Did you instruct Mr. John T. Kehoe of 1200 Fitch Way, Sacramento
Ca. 95864, to claim and receive the payment on your behalf?

2. Did you sign any 'Deed of Assignment' in his favor thereby making
him the current beneficiary?

If you did, well, we are sorry to have delayed your instruction in
giving out this fund since we must adhere to the procedures of this
honorable bank by making sure

this request is verified and confirmed by the beneficiary.

Your quick reply via this alternative email will be appreciated:

Yours Faithfully,
JMark Mason

Anti-fraud resources: