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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Richard Wahl" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2021 15:04:34 +0200
Subject: Re:Donation Of $1,000,000 U.S.D For You

I'm Richard Wahl, and I claimed the winning ticket for the sum of $533 million Mega Millions lottery jackpot. Out of my $533,000,000.00 million Powerball jackpot, I decided to give away $1,000,000 U.S.D each to 40 lucky person's of which your email was randomly picked.

I recently moved to New Jersey from Michigan and has only played the lottery a few times before winning the $533 million Mega Millions lottery jackpot. Link/proof :

Congratulations! once more

Provide your details as follows to enable us forward to our lawyer to register you before providing you the payout bank to pay you.

Full Name:
Date Of Birth:
Phone Number:

Mr. Richard Wahl

Anti-fraud resources: