fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million pounds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: bayford family <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 12:34:20 +0200
Subject: APPRECIATION FROM US.
My wife and I won Â£148.6 Million Pounds on the 10/08/2012 Euro Millions
Lottery Jackpot and we have done a lot of charity donations in Asia and
Europe and we have relocated to our new house in South Africa to continue
our charity work. Due to this coronavirus pandemic going on throughout the
world, we have decided to give out Â£1,500,000.00 each to 10 lucky people
this year, to mark our yearly windfall, lucky for you, your email address
was given to us by random internet search as one of our lucky recipients.
For verification process see below Please read the article - http://
Kindly send us your Full Name, Country, Age, Occupation and Phone Number
for details to this email address (firstname.lastname@example.org) and we
will get back to you with more information.
Congratulations & Happy Celebrations in Advance.
Gillian and Adrian Bayford.