fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Mother Rebecca Hoche <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 01:20:04 -0700
Subject: Dear valued beneficiary,
I am Mother Rebecca Hoche 69years old wife of late Gabriel Hoche of
who died in a Plane crash on Monday the 7th of September 1998, while
they were flying from New York to Geneva.Look site below,
After the death of my husband I became the head of his investments but
his death we had a plan to use the last days of our lives to donate half of
what God blessed us with to the orphanage and less privilege around us.
It is unfortunate that my husband is not alive today to do this with
me and I do not feel strong enough to carry out this project myself .
But instead of allowing U.S government to confiscate my $10,000.000.00 in
Woodforest National Bank Texas,the fund will be paid to you and I plead on
you to use $5,000.000.00 at least to support the less privilege or orphanage
in any part of the world then use the rest $5,000.000.00 for your
yourself and family .
Reason for this suprise ,My late husband and I to agreed to render
support to an individual we have not met before in life due to the
fact when we were still young we received an anonymous financial
help from an individual we did not know and which we have not been able
to know till date, the impact we got from such a gesture made us do the
Take note: I have paid and obtained fund ownership and fund release order
on your behalf. The only money you will pay to the bank is transaction
Chris Dvorachek,Manager Woodforest National Bank
Address: 1025 Sawdust Road Woodlands, TX 77380
Office email: email@example.com
Reconfirm your address to the bank and also indicate how you want the
fund to be paid to you.
Full name address::...................
Your Home address:..................
Direct telephone number: .............
Copy of your ID card:...................
Mother Rebecca Hoche .