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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Concerned Financial Lawyer <>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 03:54:58 -0400
Subject: INVESTMENT FUND IN YOUR NAME - Read & Reply Asap

Attention: Your urgent response is required

I am an Investment Lawyer and a former employee at Mossack Fonseca
Investment Corporation Panama. Mossack Fonseca Corporation specializes
on secret investments and assists the wealthy, rich individuals and
companies, government officials to secretly invest their funds through
secret investments and offshore companies. Following a joint
investigation by the FBI and the Federal Reserve Bank at Mossack
Fonseca Investment Corporation Panama and based on the findings,
government authorities ordered Mossack Fonseca Investment Corporation
to close down due to several investment irregularities and errors
discovered at the corporation. During the investigation, your name and
email address and details was found om the investment papers at the
corporation as one of the next of kin beneficiaries of one of the
investment funds at the Corporation. These invested funds were
secretly invested and most of the investors are now dead (late) and
most of their heir next of kin are not aware of these funds in their
name due to irregularities as discovered during the investigation. All
funds invested at the Mossack Fonseca Corporation Panama are now due
for payment to either the investor or their heir next of kin whereby
the investor is deceased or dead.

I will give you more details about this investment fund in your name
as next of kin immediately you reply as I have so many copies of
investment documents showing your name and details as a heir next of
kin beneficiary to this investment fund that is now due and ready for

You may also read more about the investment company, Mossack Fonseca
Investment Corporation here and how they secretly invested Billions of
Dollars for their secret investors and these funds have been ordered
by the government to be paid out to either the original investors or
their heir next of kin (where the investor is late or deceased):

I wait for your reply for more details.


Concerned Investment Lawyer

Anti-fraud resources: