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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Michael Rosenfield <>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 08:37:58 +0100
Subject: Mutual partnership

Dear prospective partner,

I hope you are observing all the covid-19 safety protocols.

My name is Michael Rosenfield, Head of tracking and unclaimed
deposits, International Monetary Fund (IMF). I am contacting you
regarding the sum of US
$25million abandoned in the account of this organization by the
beneficiary who died of covid-19 related complications. I am
privileged to get this
information because of my position as Head of unclaimed deposit. I
would like you to partner with me so this fund can be paid to you as
his next of kin.

I am proposing that once the funds are paid to you, we shall split it
into two equal parts 50/50 ($12.5million each).

If you are willing to partner with me, kindly indicate your interest
through my personal Email address: so I
send you full details of how the transaction shall be executed.

I look forward to receiving your swift response.

Stay safe.


Anti-fraud resources: